Comprehensive Guide: Process of UAN Registration and Activation

Comprehensive Guide: Process of UAN Registration and Activation

UAN is known as Universal Account Number. It is important because the entire process related to Employee Provident Fund (EPF) services now operates online. UAN has become one of the important things as the entire process of Employees Provident Fund Services is now conducted online. With UAN, it is easy to access your provident fund account services such as withdrawals, check EPF balance and apply PF loan. In this article, we will discuss UAN registration and activation.

Universal Account Number (UAN)

The UAN is a 12-digit unique number. It is entrusted to employees who contribute to the Employees Provident Fund. It is allocated and produced by the Employees Provident Fund Organization and certified by the Ministry of Labor and Employment, Government of India.

This number provided to employees remains the same throughout their lives, even if such individuals switch. When an employee changes their job, the EPFO ​​allocates a new member identification number that is associated with the UAN. As an employee, you can request a new member ID by providing a UAN to the new employer. When a member ID is created, it is linked to the employee’s UAN. Thus, the UAN acts as an umbrella for more than one member Ids allocated to the employee.

How to Generate UAN?

Typically, you are allocated a UAN by your employer. Some employers also print this number in the salary slip. If you are unable to get your UAN from the employer, do not worry that you can also get it through the UAN portal. Follow the steps given below:

  • Visit UAN portal –
  • Click on the option and know your UAN status, and a page will appear.
  • Select your state and EPF office from the dropdown menu. Other documents like name, date of birth, phone number, etc. must be entered by entering your PF number with details. After which the selection authorization PIN will be received.
  • A PIN will be sent to your phone number from the main website. Enter the PIN and click on the option which will result in OTP and UAN being validated.
  • After which your UAN will be received on your mobile number.

Procedure of Activation & login to EPFO Website with UAN

To activate your UAN, you must have a UAN and PF member ID ready. The following steps can be followed to activate the UAN on the EPFO portal:

  • Go to the EPF homepage and click for staff under our services on the dashboard.
  • Follow the option of clicking on Member UAN / Online Services in the Services section. After which the UAN portal will open.
  • Enter Universal Account Number, Mobile Number and PF Member ID. Next, click on the option from which to get the authorization PIN. You have to fill the PIN on the registered mobile number.
  • Select the option I agree under the disclaimer box and enter the OTP you receive and then click on the option Validate the OTP and activate the UAN.
  • Upon activation of UAN, you will get a password on the registered mobile number to access your account.

Features & Benefits of UAN Registration

The following points should be considered as benefits and features of UAN registration:

  • UAN helps centralize employee data in the country;
  • This unique number reduces the burden of employee verification from companies and employers;
  • This has made it possible for EPFO ​​to obtain bank account details and KYC of member without the assistance of KYC and employers;
  • It helps the EPFO ​​track multiple job changes of an employee;
  • With the introduction of this UAN, the incidence of premature and premature EPF withdrawal has been reduced.

Employees receive certain benefits with the use of UANs. They are:

  • Easy to extract PF online with this number
  • Employees use this unique account number to easily transfer PF balance from old to new.
  • Whenever you need a PF statement, you can download it immediately by logging in through Member ID or UAN.
  • If the UAN is already verified, new employers are not required to validate your profile.
  • With UAN, employers cannot access or hold their employees’ PF money.
  • It becomes easier for employees to ensure that their employer regularly deposits their contribution to the PF account.

Documents required for UAN Registration

These documents are required to get your unique account number:

  • Bank account details like account number, IFSC code etc are required.
  • ID proof like driving license, Aadhaar card etc.
  • Address Proof
  • Pan Card
  • Aadhar Card
  • ESIC Card

UAN Helpdesk for Any Other Information

A UAN helpdesk is available on the EPFO ​​website, which contains various sections. There are two broad sections – Help and Claim. EPFO helps in meeting employee and employer queries regarding office locations, services etc. The claim complements the various claim forms available to users. Members can use this UAN helpdesk at any time to gain clarity against questions and doubts.


UAN registration and activation is a process done online, and there is no need to pay any fees for it. Universal account number has become one of the important things as the entire process of Employees Provident Fund Services now operates online. If you have any query related to UAN registration or activation, use the UAN helpdesk, and get the solution easily.

Rules of SEBI (Stock Broker) Amendment Regulations Act, 2021

Rules of SEBI (Stock Broker) Amendment Regulations Act, 2021

The SEBI (Stock Broker) Amendment Regulations, 2021 had been notified by the Securities and Exchange Board of India, the last date of March 30, 2021. In this, regulations were issued to amend the SEBI (Stock Broker) Regulations, 1992. Regulations were introduced in the exercise. Powers conferred under Section 30 of SEBI Act 1992. In this article, we will discuss the major changes brought about by the amendment.

Definition of SEBI (Stock Broker) Amendment Regulations, 2021

As per the amendments brought in SEBI Scheme, the definitions are inserted in Regulation 2 of SEBI (Stock Brokers) Regulations. These include the following definitions, which are as follows:

  • Underwriter

The underwriter is a person, a body who engages in the business of underlining the issue of corporate securities.

  • Underwriting 

This means that there is a contract to acquire a subscription for issued securities, or to subscribe for an issued sale, which is presented for sale without balance.

  • Issue

Issue means the sale or purchase of securities by a body corporate or any other individual or any person or group of such persons on their behalf, such as from the holder or holders of a merchant banker or the holder of such body corporate’s securities or persons. Or a group of people etc.

Important Changes in SEBI (Stock Brokers) Amendment Regulations, 2021

Some of the important changes includes in SEBI (Stock Brokers) Amendment Regulation Act, 2021, as follows:

  • As per Regulation 3, it has been provided that every stockbroker holding a valid certificate of registration will be entitled to act as an underwriter.
  • In addition, each stock broker acting as an underwriter will enter into a contract that is valid with the body on the basis of which he acts as an underwriter.
  • Each share broker acting as an underwriter must maintain the following books of account and documents, including:
  1. An entity is corporate in relation to the underwriter

Copy of the balance sheet and profit and loss account at the end of the accounting period and the auditor’s report on the accounts for that period.

  1. The body is not corporate in relation to underwriting

Records in relation to the funds received and expended by them and in respect of which receipts and expenditure are held and their assets as well as liabilities.

  • Each stockbroker, acting as an underwriter, must enter into an agreement with each body corporate, on whose behalf it acts as an underwriting authority, and the said agreement shall, among other things, provide for –
  1. The period for which the rule for the agreement is applied.
  2. Allocation of duties as well as responsibilities between the underwriter and the client.
  3. Number of underwriting obligations.
  4. The period within which the underwriting issue should be subscribed after notice from or on behalf of a corporate body of that kind.
  5. Commission amount or brokerage payable to the underwriter.
  6. Particulars of arrangements made by the underwriter to fulfill the underwriting obligations, if any.

Moreover, SEBI (Stock Brokers) Amendment Regulations, 2021, lays down the responsibilities and duties of a stock broker acting as an under-broker.

Responsibilities of a stock broker as an under broker

The following responsibilities should be fulfilled by the stock broker as an underwriter:

  • Not every share broker acting as an underwriter should receive any direct or indirect profit from underwriting other than the commission or brokerage payable under the agreement for underwriting.
  • According to all agreements, the total underwriting obligations should not exceed 20 times the net worth, which is under the rule.
  • Each share broker acts as an underwriter, who is asked to subscribe to the securities of an entity corporate for a contract, must subscribe to such securities within 45 days of receiving such notice from such body corporate.

Underwriter’s Duty

Further, the responsibilities provided above, the stock broker acting as an under-broker shall follow the points indicated below:

  • The stock broker will make all efforts to protect the interests of its customers.
  • He will ensure that it and its personnel act in an unethical manner in all its deals in which the body is an issue of corporate securities.
  • He shall not make any statement, oral or written, which may misrepresent:
  1. Service that the underwriter is able to perform for his client or has been provided to another issuing company.
  2. His commitment to underwriting.
  • A stock broker has to avoid a conflict of interest and disclose his interest adequately.
  • He should put in place a mechanism to resolve conflicts of interest situations that may arise in the conduct of his business or, if it arises, take appropriate steps to resolve them in an equitable manner.
  • He must make reasonable disclosures about his potential source or duties to the client and potential areas of conflict of interest when he acts as an underwriter that may hinder his ability to provide impartial, objective and impartial services .
  • He should not give any confidential information about his issuing company to the other issuer, press, or any other party that came to his knowledge of the issuing company without disclosing it to the director and director of the board of directors and directors. .
  • The stock broker should ensure that any change in the status of registration / any punitive action by the board or any material change in the financial which could adversely affect the interests of the clients / investors and the customers are informed immediately, And any outstanding balance is transferred to any business. Other registered persons as per any instructions of the affected customers / investors.
  • The stock broker or any of the employees should not submit any investment advice regarding any security in publicly accessible media in real time or non-real time, unless its interest is disclosed, including the said security. Includes his long / short position. While giving such advice.

If an employee of a stockbroker gives such advice, the stockbroker must ensure that when giving such advice, it is mandatory for the stockbroker to disclose his interest based on the interests of the family member and employer of the employee.

  • A stockbroker or its director, partner, manager, who manages business affairs in whole or to a large extent, is not required to engage in insider trading either through his accounts or his associates or family members, relatives or friends. needed.
  • Although he will not engage in any unfair competition, which may be detrimental to entities acting in the interest of the underwriters as the underwriter may carry on the business or, likely, while competing, may put other such underwriters in a disadvantageous position related to the underwriter. Assignments.
  • There should not be a party or instrument for the underwriter:
  1. Create false market
  2. Ragging price or manipulation
  3. Passing of unpublished price-sensitive information in relation to securities that is listed on or proposed to an individual or intermediary to a stock exchange.


Thus, It is clear that the SEBI (Stock Broker) Amendment Regulations, 2021 contains provisions relating to agreements with customers, which have been inserted as underwriters with common responsibilities and duties. For accurate or more information or understanding, please visit SEBI notification.

Form 10BA: Filling Up Income Tax Form

Form 10BA: Filling Up Income Tax Form

A declaration has been filed by the Form 10BA taxpayer claiming the deduction under section 80GG of the Income Tax Act for rent paid on rental property. This article focuses on how to file Form 10 BA before claiming deduction under Section 80GG.

About Form 10BA

Form 10BA is a statement documented by the taxpayer, which is required to claim deduction under section 80GG for rent paid on rental property. It is mandatory for taxpayers to meet two requirements to claim deduction under section 80GG.

These requirements are as follows: 

  1. The first requirement as per the requirements is that the taxpayer should not obtain a House Rent Allowance (HRA) from any organization.
  2. The second requirement is that HUF should not keep any self-occupied dwelling. In the case of taxpayer, spouse and minor children, or the assessee be a part of HUF (Hindu Undivided Family).

A taxpayer can submit the statement in Form 10BA if both of the above requirements are met, and it will be mandatory to file the form before filing the Income Tax Return.

Section 80GG of the Income Tax Act,1961 talks about the reduction in rent paid on rental property, whether it is furnished or unfounded. The taxpayer should not receive any HRA (House Rent Allowance) from his organization. The above mentioned condition is necessary for the taxpayer to claim deduction under Section.

Conditions For Deduction Under Section 80GG

Following are the conditions for claiming deduction under section 80GG:

  • A self-governing person can claim deduction only under section.
  • The person claiming the deduction can be a salaried or self employed person.
  • In case of a salaried person, one should not get HRA (House Rent Allowance) from his organization.
  • From 10BA has to be submitted to the Income Tax Department.
  • The assessee should not in any case have self-occupied property like a house.
  • Assessment of spouse, minor children or taxpayer, a member of the HUF should not have a comfortable living space where he or she is living under employment or offering occupation or service.

Let’s Understand by examples:

The following are understood through an example of this concept.

One person worked for the initial six months, and after that, he started working as a freelancer. He lived on rented property for the entire year and took HRA, and has no self-owned property. He can claim deduction under Section 80GG and in the present case files Form 10BA for the rent of the last 6 months paid by him.

Purpose of Deduction Under Section 80GG & Filing Form 10BA

For FY 2018-19 and AY 2019-20, the deduction under the section should be at least: 

  • Payment of full rent which is less than 10% of the entire income.
  • 25% annual payroll deduction
  • Rupee. 5000 monthly (this means it is Rs. 60,000 annually)

Here is a list of requirements for claiming deduction:

  • The assessee should not in any case have self-occupied property like a house.
  • A self-governing person can claim deduction only under section.
  • In case of a salaried person, the person should not obtain HRA (House Rent Allowance) from his organization.
  • The person claiming the deduction can be a salaried or self employed person.
  • Assessment of spouse, minor children, or taxpayer, a member of the HUF should not have a comfortable living space where he or she is living under employment or offering occupation or service.
  • Form 10BA must be submitted to the Income Tax Department.

List of ITR Forms Applicable Under Section 80GG

The list of ITR forms implemented under Section 80GG are as follows:

  • ITR 1
  • ITR 2
  • ITR 3
  • ITR 4

The expected date for filing ITR has been set as July 31 of the next financial year.

Documents required for filing Form 10BA

Further, to documents including Form 16 and PAN details, file forms are the documents required for filing:

  • Rent Agreement and Rent Voucher
  • PAN details of the landlord, if the value of rent is more than Rs. 1 lakh.

Form 10BA is therefore filed which ensures that the landlord is not declaring the benefit of the self-occupied house at the same or any other place.

Procedure for filing Form 10BA

10BA is required to be filed online through an e-filing portal, which is very easy. Following are the online steps to fill the form:

  • Go to the Income Tax e-filing portal and login through credentials.
  • Go to the e-file option and choose the income tax form.
  • Choose Form 10BA from the drop-down menu, and then choose the corresponding assessment year.
  • Select the submission mode and submit it online.
  • Then click on Continue.
  • Enter all the details including the name of the landlord, how much rent has been paid, rent property address etc.
  • Preview the form and then submit it.

Details required in Form 10BA

The following details are required in Form 10BA:

  • Taxpayer name
  • PAN Details
  • Rental Property Address
  • Paid the rent
  • Landlord’s name and address


Form 10BA is a statement that should be filed on the Income Tax website under the e-filing portal. The form is filed to claim deduction under Section 80GG of the Income Tax Act. Thus, it is preferable to file Form 10BA before filing ITR and claim deduction from rent under Section 80GG.

Get Yourself Registered on TDS TRACES Website

Get Yourself Registered on TDS TRACES Website

The Income Tax Department has introduced the concept of TDS TRACES, in which taxpayers and deductors have explained the entire process as well as can easily download the challan details from here. Apart from this, the mistakes made in the previously filed returns can also be rectified.


TRACES, TDS Reconciliation Analysis and Correction Enabling System is in fully expanded form. The Income Tax Department has introduced this online facility to make the process efficient and to rectify the already filed TDS returns. This avoids the task of filing revised returns for the process of rectification, which is a time-consuming process. Taxpayers and deductors can easily access the TRACES website through an online process. One can refer to TDS and TCS paid while filing the return to ask for further details and to check the details.

TDS TRACES Registration

Registration on TDS TRACES can be done as both taxpayers and deductors.

As a Taxpayer

  1. Go to the website (
  2. Select the taxpayer option and then click Register as a new user.
  3. It is necessary to provide the following details to the applicant:
  1. Name
  2. In case of date of birth or company date of incorporation
  3. PAN Details
  4. Verification Code 
  1. After filling in these details, click on proceed.
  2. In addition, the following details are required:
  1. TDS or TCS details through Form 26AS or Form 16 / 16A
  2. Details through Form 26QB
  3. Statement of advance tax, self-assessment tax, TDS on the property paid from the challan.
  1. Go ahead and then provide the applicant’s communication details.
  2. Then create an account and verify the details entered, and click proceed.
  3. The taxpayer will receive an activation link. The message will be sent to the registered email and mobile number by the taxpayer. In this message, click on the link and activate the account from OTP.
  4. After this, TDS TRACES login.

As a Deductor

  1. Visit website (
  2. Select the deductor option and then click Register as a new user.
  3. Fill in the required details: 
  1. TAN
  2. Verification Code.

The system will automatically detect details such as form type, fiscal year and quarterly.

  • The deductor will be required to enter a TDS Return Token Number or PRN (Provisional Receipt Number).
  • A valid CIN, BSR code, date of deposit, invoice amount and CD record number are provided along with the challan number.
  • A maximum of 3 PAN-amount combinations are filed by the deductor and a TDS file has to be submitted against the PAN as well.
  • The deductor will then have a validation code valid for the previous financial year, quarter and type of form. Enter the authentication code to proceed.
  • Go ahead and then provide the applicant’s communication details.
  • Then create an account and verify the details entered, and click proceed.
  • An activation link will be received on the deductor’s registered email and mobile number. Click on the link that came in the email and mobile messages. Activate the account by receiving OTP.
  • Then login TDS TRACES and take advantage of the services offered in it.


The TDS TRACES website allows taxpayers as well as TDS Deductor to perform various activities, but has some limitations:

  • TCS / TDS file for rectification
  • View challan status
  • Submit refund request online
  • View and download Form 26AS
  • Complete online correction of previously filed TDS returns
  • Check the status of various tax details online
  • Download the consolidated file, justification report and both Form 16 and 16A.
  • Online correction of OLTAS challan.

TDS TRACES has transformed the complex and paper-based system that allows taxpayers and deductors to take advantage online.

Facilities available at TDS TRACES

The following are the main facilities offered by TDS TRACES to the taxpayer:

  • Download Form 26AS and Form 16B
  • TDS Certificate Verification
  • The collected TDS compliance report can be studied and downloaded from here.

The facilities offered by TDS TRACES to deductors are:

  • The status of the challan can be seen
  • Download Form 16 and Justification Report
  • Online improvement
  • TDS Refund
  • View TDS / TCS Credit against PAN
  • Declaration of non-filing statement.

TDS Challan Checking  Process on TRACES

It is of utmost importance to check the TDS details while filing your quarterly TDS or TCS return. Checking can easily be done by logging into the TRACES account. The status of the challan can be seen by CIN (Challan Identification Number) or BIN (Book Identification Number). By providing a CIN or BIN, the status of the invoice can be seen by the duration of the payment.

Following are the steps to check TDS Challan on Trucks, which are:

Step 1: Log in to the TRACES portal using credentials.

Step 2: Then move the cursor over the statement or payment link in the top menu. Click the status of the invoice from the drop-down menu on it.

Step 3: Check the status of the challan by CIN or BIN.


In case of CIN, select the CIN option to check the status of the challan. After that choose the payment term and click proceed. A list will appear for the status of the movement, where the details will be found.


In the case of BIN, select the BIN option to check the status of the challan. Choose the payment term, then click Go. After clicking enter BIN details on the open page, then view consumption details and click on it.


The Income Tax Department has introduced the concept of TDS TRACES, in which taxpayers and deductor can study the challan, as well as download the challan details. TRACES taxpayers can rectify mistakes made in previously filed returns with this new concept and also provide a number of features for deductions on its taxpayers.

RBI Extends Timeline To Comply With Directions On Recurring Online Transactions

RBI Extends Timeline To Comply With Directions On Recurring Online Transactions

The Reserve Bank of India announced an extension of the timeline for the processing of recurring transactions from six months to 30 September 2021. With many banks failing to comply with the directives, including the top lenders, the Reserve Bank decided to extend the implementation date of the guidelines for recurring online transactions. In this article, let’s take a look at this development.


RBI issued a framework for processing e-mandate on recurring online transactions. This framework initially applied to cards and wallets, but in January last year the framework was also extended to cover integrated payment interface transactions.

The additional factor of authentication requirement has made digital payments safe and secure in India. With customer security and convenience in the use of recurring online transactions, the framework extended the use of the additional factor of authentication during registration and earlier transactions (to the extent of Rs 2000, with rest for subsequent transactions, up to Rs 5000), and prior Transaction notification, mandate withdrawal facility, etc.

The major motive behind this framework was to protect customers from fraud and to hear about customer convenience. Extending the timeline to 31 March 2021, based on the request of the Association of Indian Banks to allow banks to complete migration, RBI advised stakeholders to migrate to the framework by 31 March 2021 in December last year. Therefore, sufficient time was provided to the stakeholders to follow the guidelines.

Although, it was noted that the framework was not fully implemented even after extending the deadline. The RBI stated that this compliance has been noted with grave concern and will be dealt with separately. It is further noted that implementation delays by some stakeholders led to potential large-scale customer inconvenience and default conditions. Therefore the Reserve Bank, with the aim of preventing any inconvenience to the customers, decided to push the timeline for stakeholders to migrate to the framework by six months by 30 September 2021.

RBI Required Mandatory Points for Recurring Online Transactions

The following mandatory points may be noted:

  • Beginning in October, if you have set the option of auto payment for recurring transactions, you will need additional authentication as per the rules issued by the Reserve Bank.
  • As a relief for bank customers, RBI has raised the limit of recurring transactions to Rs 5000.
  • This means that if you have a recurring auto payment of more than Rs 5000, you will receive an OTP from your bank, and once the OTP is certified, the payment will be deducted.
  • The new RBI rules will apply to transactions made using all types of cards. This means that when you have a registered debit card or credit card for auto payment, you will need an additional factor of authentication if the transaction is worth more than Rs 5000.
  • All types of prepaid payment instruments, including wallets, are included in the scope of the new RBI regulations. This means that any recurring payment of more than Rs 5000 through it will require additional authentication.
  • The Reserve Bank has in the past introduced a number of security and security measures for payment via card, and now the UPI has also been included under the requirement for additional authentication.
  • As the new RBI rule, it will allow banks to send notifications to their customers 24 hours for auto payments for recurring transactions.
  • Customers will be provided with the option to select the mode of notification they wish to receive at the time of registering the e-mandate for recurring auto payments.

Banks Ready for the Change of Recurring Online Transactions

For banks and payment institutions, this change is nothing short of a tough challenge where they need to overhaul existing recurring payment flows and maintain standardization for easy execution of payments.

Officials at fintech firms said the industry sought a further expansion because of the infrastructure burden on merchant partners, banks and payment processors. He said that banks have a difficult task with the infrastructure population already upgrading their systems and standardizing payment flows for the Reserve Bank’s new mandate for recurring payments. In addition, the payment failure risk increases in case of any fault in the system, which will affect customer confidence on recurring payments.

HDFC claimed that it completed the development of a common e-mandate platform and is working jointly with merchants to enable it to live for its customers as soon as possible. An official of the State Bank of India said that the bank does not have an auto-charge facility on its debit card and is now installing a new structure.


The Reserve Bank of India, as a one-time measure, has extended the timeline to ensure full compliance with the new framework. It may be noted that during the extended timeline, no new mandates for recurring online transactions will be registered by stakeholders unless the mandates are in line with the framework. The RBI warned that any further delay in following the framework beyond the above timeline would attract stringent supervisory action.

Everything You Need To Know About Credit Score

Everything You Need To Know About Credit Score

Today’s era, people are very enthusiastic to know about the credit score, but the information remains incomplete due to lack of complete information in one place. This article talks about credit score in detail as well as how important it is for borrowers to maintain a good score.

A credit score refers to a score of 3-digits between 300-900 and credit information is given to the company based on information provided by individuals or companies. This credit score in turn is accessed by your potential lenders. It is considered by bankers and lenders to be one of the most important deciding factors.

What is a Credit Score?    

A credit score refers to a number between 300 and 900 that reflects the creditworthiness of the consumer. Accordingly, the higher credit score, the better a borrower represents the potential lenders.

Credit history under a credit score is based on the number of accounts opened, the total level of loan and repayment history and other factors. Many times lenders use the credit score to evaluate the probability that a person will repay the loan on time.

A credit score is important because it is represented by the value or dependence of the borrower. A person has a direct relationship with the eligibility for the loan.

Importance Of Credit Score in India

In India, the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) has the rights to license the company to access and manage credit information. The RBI has so far licensed four companies to carry out these activities, which are as follows: 

  1. CIBIL- Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited
  2. Equifax
  3. Experian
  4. High Mark

First in 2001, CIBIL started its activities and became the most popular credit information company in India. Additionally, the other three companies monitoring credit scores have their own scoring system.

One special thing in these companies is that if the credit history is six months old, then they score one in terms of no credit history or zero. Apart from this, these companies provide in-depth credit reports and credit scores based on credit reports.

What is CIBIL? How does it analyse the credit score? 

CIBIL stands for Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited. It is one of the credit information companies, which is engaged in maintaining records of all credit-related activities of companies and individuals, including credit cards and loans.

Registered banks and financial institutions periodically report to CIBIL all credit-related activities. CIBIL issues the CIR (Credit Information Report) and credit score periodically based on the credit-related information provided, which serves to provide data to banks by helping banks filter out loan applications received during their business.

What Is The Credit Score Range In a Credit Score?

A credit score range in a credit score is a 3 -digit number that summarizes the activities of a person’s or company’s credit history. A credit score is between 300 and 900. It is important to maintain a high credit score in the credit score. The higher the credit score, the easier it will be for an individual or company to obtain loan approval.

The most commonly used scoring model has a credit score range of 300 to 900. Creditors set their own standards for which score they will accept, but these are general guidelines:

  1. A score of 750 – 900 is generally considered excellent credit. This credit score indicates that the party concerned is paying all dues on time. Given this credit score, it becomes easy to get a loan or credit card approval from the bank.
  2. A credit score between 650 and 749 is considered good credit. This score is considered good by good lenders and willing to offer loans.
  3. This credit score between 550 and 649 is appropriate. It states that the party concerned struggles to pay the outstanding balance and interest rates will also be higher.
  4. Scores of 350 – 549 are considered bad credit scores. This indicates that the party concerned (individual or company) is not able to pay the EMI on time. Getting a loan or credit card in this credit score range is difficult because looking at the credit score, it seems to indicate a higher risk.
  5. And, credit scores below 350 are non-applicable or have no history. If a person or company has not taken any loan or has not used a credit card, then there will be no credit history i.e. the credit score will be considered non-applicable.

Thus, a good credit score range increases the likelihood of a good deal on debt and credit cards.

Why do lenders monitor credit scores?

Lenders check the credit score to see the creditworthiness of the borrower, so that the lender can know which category the credit score range of the borrower is in. The lender will monitor the borrower according to the credit score range.

Some of the main factors are:

• Lender looks at credit history

• Find out the borrower’s ability to repay the loan

• To determine and understand whether the borrower qualifies for the loan

• To know about the risk and debt balance of the borrower

• To fix the amount for the loan and applicable interest

How to analyze your credit score?

Want to know your credit score check? Just read the following steps…

Step 1) Firstly, visit to and have to log in 

Step 2) Register to receive your annual credit score and online report.

Step 3) Then, You need to fill in your personal details such as address, PAN details, date of birth etc.

Step4) Click Submit after filling. After submitting the details, the applicant will receive an SMS and an email about the credit score.

Step5) Click on the link in SMS or Email. Then you will be directed to the CIBIL login page. And enter the email ID and password once sent.

Now you can see your credit score on the screen. The Reports tab will take you to your Reports section. Check account information for detailed reports and your credit history.


If you start monitoring your credit score, you will realize that your unwillingness to repay the loan or over-indebtedness increasingly affects your chances of getting a loan in the future. And you will become more specific about repayment of your loan and overdraft and avoid applying for additional loan.

Thus, it can be concluded that maintaining a high credit score is important as it ensures ease of obtaining loan or credit card approval. At the same time it would be more likely to get loan approval.

How to Invest in Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) in India?

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In today’s market in India there are several ways of investment by way of mutual funds, stocks etc. and the unconventional options like Alternative Investment funds. 

If you are looking for the best way to invest then AIFs are a very good option to invest if you are ready to take additional risk. 

In order to avail good profits out of AIFs, you need to be well read about these funds. These funds have a bright future in India especially with the high net worth individual clients.

So in this blog we will delve deeper to understand different ways to invest in AIF and its benefits thereof.

What is an Alternative Investment Fund?

Alternative Investment fund is a fund which is privately pooled from the Indian or foreign investor for investing in accordance with a defined investment policy for the benefits of its investors.

AIFs in India are established either as a company, Trust or LLPs or a corporate body. This asset class includes venture capital funds, private equity, angel funds and hedge funds.

If an investor is meeting all the investment criteria then AIFs are the best option for them to choose.

These Funds do not come under the purview of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) mutual fund regulations.

However, AIFs product comes under the purview of regulation 2(1) (b) of the regulation Act, 2012 of SEBI.

SEBI classifies AIFs into 3 broad categories as in Category I, Category II and Category III.

Classification of Alternative Investment Funds

SEBI has classified the AIFs into three broad groups as-

Category I

Category I usually invests in startups or in small or medium enterprises for ventures in their early stages or infrastructure or social venture etc.

These sectors are considered as socially desirable or economical by the government of India as well as for the regulatory bodies.

Sub-Categories of Category I of AIF

  • Venture Capital Funds- these ventures invest in the start ups and emerging businesses which have a long term growth curve. These ventures take part in day to day operations of the businesses.
  • Angel Funds- These funds comply with the regulations of Chapter III-A of the SEBI AIF regulation for making investments.
  • Small and Medium Enterprises Funds- In this investments are done in small and medium enterprises. The minimum investments for these funds are capped at INR 1 crore, with a minimum tenure of lockin period of three years.

Category II

Category II AIF do not take any sort of leverage or borrowing except meeting day to day operations of the company.  The minimum corpus for this scheme is INR 20 Crore, with a tenure for lockin period for 3 years.

There is no incentive or concession from the government side on these funds.

Sub-categories of Category II

  • Private Equity Funds- These funds take complete ownership of the company as they cannot raise funds by equity and investments, with a lock-in period ranging between four to seven years.
  • Debt Funds- These funds generally invest in the debt securities. Investments in these funds are either done in listed or unlisted companies according to the fnd objectives.
  • Funds to Funds- These funds follow a strategy of investment to invest in other Alternative Investment Funds. 

Category III

These funds apply in various trading strategies like future and margin trading, arbitrage and derivative trading while investing in listed or unlisted derivatives.

They are two types of funds as close ended and open ended funds and are way less regulated than the traditional funds.


  • Hedge Funds- These Funds pool investments from private investors to invest in international as well as domestic markets using several trading as well as investment strategies. These funds include a hefty fee of about 2% of the investment and about 20% share of the profits.
  • Private Investment in Public Equity- These fund managers in this strategy often buy stocks of publicly traded companies, but at a discounted price. 

How to invest in any AIF

If you are ready to take risk then investments in AIF is the best option. You have to be eligible to invest in AIFs usually it is the resident Indians, NRIs i.e. who have settled abroad and foreigners. If you are a general investor, your permissible limit will be INR 1 crore whereas the minimum investment limit is INR 25 Lakh for the angel investors.

And investors who are willing to make an investment in unlisted companies, then you should be prepared to undertake the associated underlying list. An AIF cannot openly invite the public to subscribe to its units, rather they can only raise funds from the esteemed investors through a private placement.

After payment of the registration fees, once the certification is done by SEBI that the AIF has been registered, the AIF contacts the stock exchanges for the listing of the funds by submitting an investment management agreement or a placement memorandum, in accordance with Securities and Exchange Board of India (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012. You have to submit your income proof, ID proof and the PAN card to invest in an AIF. 

Contact BIAT Consultant for your AIF registration needs at

Termination and Liquidation of Alternative Investment Funds (AIF)

Termination and Liquidation of Alternative Investment Funds (AIF)

The year 2020 has gone for good as it affected many businesses including alternative investment funds which leaves investors in dismay amidst widespread job loss and business shutdowns.

These markets faced serious concerns around the life of funds centered around-

  • Early Termination
  • Liquidation and
  • Extension of the Funds

In this blog we will discuss Alternative Investment Fund and primarily we will discuss category I and II in this blog, as in India these both funds are close ended funds registered under SEBI.

Different Types of Alternative Investment Funds

  1. AIf Category I- This category has a positive effect on the financial system. The AIf programme includes funds that make advances to sectors that have significant economic and social viability and includes Venture Capital Funds, SME Funds, Social Venture Capital Funds and infrastructure Funds.
  2. AIF Category II- This category of funds used to meet day to day expenses that are permitted by SEBI. This category also includes AIF debt funds. Based on the state objectives of the fund, investments are done primarily by listed/unlisted investee corporates in this fund. 
  3. AIF Category III- This AIF program comprises of all those funds that are likely to result in negative externalities involving complicated strategies in trading and degenerative systematic risk involved in leveraging and includes –
  1. Hedge Funds
  2. Private Investment in Public Equity (PIPe) funds

Salient features of AIF

Following are the salient features of AIF-

  1. Category I and II are given for a term of 3 years and can be extended for 2 more years with the approval of at least two third of investors by value. Category III on the other hand has the option of being open ended or close ended.
  2. SEBI mandates the filing of information memorandum for stipulated fees. 
  3. AIF under category I and II may be listed on stock exchange provided the tradable lot comprise a minimum amount of INR 1 Cr. However, stock exchange programmes cannot be opted by any AIF to raise funds.
  4. The permitted upper limit of investible funds for any investee company is 25% for any AIF programmes/schemes.
  5. As per SEBI, all AIFs are required to have qualified Institutional Buyer status.
  6. Proper guidelines are available in AIF regulations in order to avoid any conflict in future.
  7. On an annual basis all AIFs are required to provide the investors with the composite financial details around portfolio company and material risk involved along with the strategies used to manage them.
  8. As per guidelines SEBI reserves the right of investigation and/or inspection of the AIFs and also issues further necessary guidelines as required.

Termination of Alternative Investment Funds

AIFs generally expire when the fixed term of the fund as documented in the fund papers expires.

However there is always a prior termination of AIFs as mentioned in the clause of the agreement. AIF regulations also talks about early termination of AIFs.

It is obvious that both the investors and fund managers are aligned and focus all strategies and efforts towards the continuation of the fund till its original expiry date; more so investments in funds with longer tenure are designed to reap returns over a designated time period.

The principal objective being the maximisation of the value of the portfolio by aligning with the time available based on the tenure of the fund. For this asset class, the planned ‘orderly exit’ helps the fund to optimize the risk and return opportunities.

For AIF Category I, there is a distinct difference between liquidation and termination (winding up) of the fund. Liquidation should ideally happen within 12 months of termination of the fund. Understanding the difference becomes important in drawing giveback provisions for investors.

RBI Organises QR Code mechanism for digital payments

RBI Organises QR Code mechanism for digital payments

Digital payment mode has worked in a big way and for the same reason a lot of Payment System Operators (PSOs) are coming up on the web. The initial push for digital payment came into being with the demonetization policy of the Government in 2016.

Now with pandemic ruling the roost the digital payment has got a bigger fillip.

RBI’s course of action for Uniform QR based payments

In the current scenario, it is convenient to scan a QR code and make payment for various kinds of bills. This kind of receptive formula has become a backbone for the digital payment portals in India. Today, each PSO uses an independent proprietary QR code to accept the digital payments.

It is to be noted that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had put in place a Committee under the aegis of Prof Deepak Phatak to analyze the present QR Code mechanism in India and to come out with a process for more compatible Codes. RBI had intimated the report of this Committee with several recommendations.

After thorough analysis of those recommendations, the following decisions have now been taken by RBI:

Presently, the 2 compatible QR codes – the UPI QR and the Bharat QR – will operate as at present.

All the Payment System Operators (PSOs), presently using their independent QR codes must soon be directed to adapt to one or more uniform QR codes, once such uniform system comes into force.

The procedure to shift towards uniform QR codes will happen by 31st March 2022. From now onwards, no proprietary QR codes will be created or utilized by any PSO to receive the online payment.

Here, RBI will perform the consultative part for integration and improvisation of such interoperable QR codes. This is to install the major features suggested by the Phatak Committee.

As such, the PSOs may also take the lead in spreading knowledge about such interoperable QR codes among their customers.

Note: These steps have been suggested to institute a strong and comfortable payment acceptance infrastructure. This will improve the user experience as a result of compatibility and system efficiency.

The suggestions for the single QR mechanism impinge on 4 aspects:

Interoperability & Scalability



Customer Awareness

QR for starters

The QR Code happens to be a 2D barcode that includes black squares assorted in a square grid with white background. Scanning devices such as barcode readers or smartphone cameras are utilized for reading and interpreting the QR codes.

There are 2 types of QR codes:



Static: QR code which remains unchanged and is chiefly printed on paper. It has details regarding the payee, and the consumer should enter the amount after scanning.

Dynamic: The dynamic QR codes are drafted with a software and this can comprise more fields like the price amount.

So, the RBI now strives to eliminate all problems such as the lack of interoperability or compatibility of the QR codes, by suggesting remedies for organizing the QR codes.

Key aspects of a uniform QR mechanism

Interoperability & Expandability

The Proprietary QR codes hinge on closed loop mechanisms. This can create obstacles for the open, compatible payments ecosystem. So, RBI suggests a simple blueprint to totally rescind the proprietary loop QR codes with the new open and interoperable ones.

A unified QR code pertaining to every payment portal entails a deeper concentration risk in comparison to the individual Proprietary QR codes. So, RBI needs to drive the numerous interoperable QR codes e.g. Bharat QR or UPI QR to facilitate swift on-boarding of all types of merchants on digital payment platforms.

With regard to costing, it is felt that paper-oriented (Sticker) does not need any maintenance.


RBI will focus on standardizing the digital payment apps. It will even gauge the network for the usual QR branding so that a regular and convenient experience can be materialized.

This apart, the offline QR code might be utilized for minor payments such as travelling, ticketing etc. This manner the QR codes will turn multipurpose in nature.

QR apps will now have extra features such as

Save QR,

Invoice relay through Dynamic QR,

Setting up e-Mandate

There is no requirement to open a fresh bank account for QR code on-boarding. Existing accounts will be sufficient as a valid merchant KYC for quick merchant on boarding. The acquiring bank of the merchant (on the basis of the payment size) may be furnished. This can increase the potency of merchant KYC.

The Bharat QR will come with the P2PM (Merchant treated as person) feature, which will enable rapid and convenient on-boarding of micro enterprises through their current bank account.

Bharat QR-specific measure: Inclusion of NBFCs and FinTech worries.

UPI QR-specific measure: Multiple UPI IDs may be permitted for a single recipient. If any UPI IDs does not function, then a different UPI–ID may also be utilized by the payer. backend


These steps may be taken to secure payments:

Sign-up needs of Bharat QR codes might be assessed. Payer presented offline QR will be a signed in for dynamic QR code.

Security check and audit of the Application utilized for QR Code oriented payment must preferably be held by 3rd party entities.

Resolution of the merchant’s name has to be at the acquirer bank’s system.

Rules drafted for revoking / rotating keys utilized to sign static QR codes.

Consumer familiarization:

Every stakeholders must conduct education and awareness campaigns for QR code adoption.Multi-currency and Multi-language assistance to be explored for maximum traction among customers across the countries.

The online payment apps should provide clarity over data safety.

Consumer awareness for secure Wi-Fi usage for digital deals.

Documents needed for the Merchant KYC

Given below are the documents required for KYC of the merchants and for the payment aggregators (PA):

Use image

Benefits of Uniform QR code

Interoperability of several payment alternatives through common QR will be beneficial for all stakeholders of the ecosystem. This can reduce expenses and facilitate systematic risk management.

The good thing is that the QR codes can be installed swiftly even in any parts of the country and accessible to every type of merchant. They function as a Do it yourself (DIY) solution. The merchant will be able to download any payment app and sign up with ease. He can then start receiving online payments from his customers.

These days several Mobile banking apps are unified with numerous features such as Mutual Funds, Demat accounts, Insurance, NEFT, RTGS, IMPS etc. Currently, all banks perform thorough assessment according to its internal compliance norms. Here, a QR Code can serve the purpose of a 2nd factor authentication for every future online transaction.

QR codes will come with the multi-currency and multi-language features for international transactions. Highlighting of payment particulars such as Merchant’s Name, Tip or Convenience Fee, Transaction Amount, Terminal ID, Location etc. in a local vernacular and native currency will increase the customer belief.

In the end

Regulatory assistance is a must for seamless progress of the Uniform QR code mechanism. Over here, RBI will in all probability implement these measures to enhance the uniform QR code system:

RBI may draft a transparent plan to totally eliminate proprietary QR codes for new open, compatible ones.

Accordingly, the RBI may issue relevant norms regarding refurbished KYC process for swifter merchant on boarding.

The Regulator may also draft fresh guidelines regarding common registry to facilitate digital payments Apps to check and verify the recipients.

This kind of mechanism could be executed by the Government by permitting a less controlled interchange instead of cutting down MDR charges on QR code to 0.

Government may even provide certain tax incentives to the merchants with the common QR code. This will enhance electronic transactions and give a good push to Digital India initiative.

RBI may permit the Offline QR codes for various kinds of modest payments such as transit or travel bills, ticketing etc. This will also increase the use of QR code.

This apart, a Security test and audit may be carried out of the Apps utilized for QR code-based payment service provider (PSP).

What makes an ISO certification critical for a company?

What makes an ISO certification critical for a company?

ISO or the International Standards Organization happens to be an autonomous body which offers standards of the organisation. As for a standard, we can specify it as quality, safety and efficiency of the products or services offered by the businesses. ISO 9001 certification highlights the criticality of superior quality of goods and services. So, Register your company and be ISO certified as soon as possible. The ISO certificate assists in improving your business reliability and authority and the whole capacity of the business. If your organization is ISO certified, it entails several benefits.

The reason ISO certification is important

ISO certification happens to be the affirmation given by the MSME Government. The ISO certification in India comes with several benefits. Let us explore them one by one.

Superior faith

Worldwide acceptance is there for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It strengthens dependability and sincerity of your products or services in the mind of the public.

Gain huge traction

The brand recognition will scale new heights. This can maximize your professional outlook amongst other market researchers and the public as well.

Heightened Consistency

ISO 9001 assists you in maximizing the control of your business processes. As your control over your business goes up, the consistency also rises. More consistency means your customers are satisfied every time they are dealing with you.

Stamp of Govt accreditation

Your product can be marketed with ease. You can even tag your product with the ISO symbol while packaging and documenting. This type of government branding benefits you in several ways.

Retain customer significantly

One critical aspect that helps attract more customers is a government tag on your product. This helps you multiply customers significantly. And satisfy customers a lot.

Promote at will

ISO accords you and your products increased value. This can be used as a selling factor. You can endorse your products by securing global quality credit.

Trade between countries available

As ISO certification is accepted globally, the same facilitates trade between countries. Having a few limitations and documentation issues, your trading process gets legally accepted.

Strengthened employees

Apart from benefiting the company, the ISO label empowers the employees as well. This betters their performance and increases their commitment. Also, their profiles become value-added. Their familiarity with their work gets enriched being an ISO-based company.

Inculcating professional culture

Professionalism goes up in the company premises. Having a global certification, the employees, authorities and the management have no choice but to inculcate a professional culture in the company.The same professionalism helps companies to gain more goodwill in the market.

All round satisfaction

ISO 9001 certification mandates the training and evolution of your staff and management. Also, it gives essential tools to them to carry out their jobs properly. Resultantly, your employees will gain knowledge galore about the tasks they have undertaken and as the training is imparted, their career prospects go up.

Bring down excess consumption

As you grow post getting the ISO, you become aware of what to use and what not to. You will learn and evolve considerably in a unique manner to improve your business in the market.

Assures safety of the products/services

If a company is ISO certified, the quality is something that gets attached to your business like a glue. This assures the safety of the products/service utilized by the general public

Operations become efficient

The procedures, jobs, methods, measures and dealings get simplified and shared equitably amongst the workers. Also, operations will become improved and more efficient. This manner you can operate a business without complaints and complexities. It is true that acquiring an ISO certification helps your business in several ways. But getting one is not an easy task. Document verification has to happen officially for the ISO license. Further, the documentation entails some cost as well. So, getting an ISO certification will cement your company’s presence in the global market.

Select the ideal ISO Certification type

Importantly, you must select the ISO certification standard in sync with your business.

Zero in on a dependable ISO Certification Body

It needs to be kept in mind that ISO does not give certificates to the applicants itself. The job of allotting ISO Certificates to the applicants is carried out by external bodies. It is very crucial for you to perform your research and select a dependable and authorized certification body to acquire the certification from.

Please factor in the following

Assess the past records of various ISO Certification agencies.

Gauge if they adhere to the CASCO standards. This is a committee established by the ISO to monitor issues associated with conformity assessment.

Assess whether they satisfy the condition of ISO Accreditation agencies.