GST Penalties and Appeals

GST Penalties and Appeals

The GST Law has defined its offenses and penalties that are levied in each scenario. This is an important topic for every business owner, CA, CS as any mistake can cause severe consequences.

Overview

GST law prevents many tax evasion and corruption over tax as it contains strict provisions for offenders regarding penalties, prosecution and arrest. The introduction of GST Law Government of India ensures to prevent tax evasion and corruption and also introduces stricter liabilities for the non-payment of the same.

Offences and Penalties

Offenses

There are 21 offences which are being introduced under GST law. Some of the offences which has been introduced by the introduction of GST law are as follows-

  1. When the company/organization or an individual has not enrolled themselves under GST Law, even when it is required by law.
  2. Supply of any goods/ services without any invoice or issuing a false invoice.
  3. The issue of invoices by a taxable person using the GSTIN of another bonafide taxpayer.
  4. Submission of false information without getting registered under GST Laws.
  5. Submission of fake financial records/ documents or files,or fake returns to evade tax.
  6. Obtaining refunds by fraud.
  7. Deliberate suppression of sale to evade tax.
  8. Opting for a composition scheme even though a taxpayer is ineligible.

Penalty

If any of the offense is committed by a taxpayer, then he is liable for the penalty which he has to pay under GST. the principals on which these penalties are based are mentioned by law.

For Late Filing

If returns of GST are filed late i.e. after the last date of filing, then it would involve a penalty of Rs. 100 per day as per the Act. So it is 100 under cgst and 100 under sgst so, total late fee would be levied of Rs. 200/- per day along with the interest of 18% per annum. The time period will be from the next day of filing of the date of payment.

For not filing

If you are not filing your GST return, then it will have a cascading effect as you will not be able to file your subsequent returns and therefore it involves heavy penalty and fines.

For the 21 offenses with no intention of fraud or tax evasion

If the offender is not paying the tax or making short payments must pay a penalty of 10% of the tax amount due subject to a minimum of Rs. 10,000/-.

For the 21 offense for the intention of fraud or tax evasion

In this case the offender has to pay 100% penalty for tax evasion subject to a minimum of Rs, 10,000/-. The tax evader could be imprisoned for a term of 1 year for tax amount 100-200 lakhs, upto 3 years for 200-500 lakhs and upto 5 years for the tax amount of 500 lakhs and above.

Inspection under GST

The Joint commissioner of CGST and SGST may have reasons to believe hat in order to evade tax, a person has suppressed any transaction or claimed excess input tax credit etc. then the joint commissioner can authorize any other officer of CGST/SGST in writing to insect places of business of the suspected evader. 

Search and Seizure under GST

The joint commissioner can order for search and seizure if he finds any person liable for tax evasion on the basis of the inspection. 

Goods in Transit

If a person in charge is carrying goods exceeding 50,000/- is required to carry the following documents-

  1. Invoice or bill or delivery challan
  2. Copy of e-way bill

Compounding of offences under GST

Compounding offenses is a shortcut method to avoid litigation. In case of prosecution each time of hearing in criminal proceedings a person has to appear before a magistrate along with his advocate which is little time consuming process.

In compounding offence, the accused is not required to appear personally and can be discharged on payment of compounding fee which cannot be more than the maximum fine as applicable under GST.

Prosecution under GST 

If someone has committed crime under GST law deliberately, then he is subject to criminal prosecution under the law. A few example of these offenses are follows-

  1. Issue of an invoice without supplying any goods and services 
  2. Obtaining refund of any CGST/SGST by fraud
  3. Submitting fake financial records/ documents or files and fake returns to evade tax.
  4. Helping another person to commit fraud under GST.

Arrest under GST Law

Any person accused of committing a cognizable offense is entitled to get arrested within 24 hours of the offense. Then he is to be produced before the Magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest.

Appeal

Any person aggrieved by the decision of tribunal or court may appeal in the appellate court. If the person is aggrieved by the decision of fit appellate authority then he could appeal in the National Appellate Tribunal and then to the High court and Supreme court thereafter.

HOW GOODS AND SERVICES TAX (GST) HAS IMPACTED BUSINESSES IN INDIA

gst registration by biatconsultant

It has been quite some time since GST has been implemented in India. The
main objective of the new tax regime was to make one tax system in one
nation. Let us look at the way goods and services tax has impacted business in
India.

Small and medium businesses
The central goods & service tax (CGST) and state goods & service tax (SGST) has been combined in the new tax system. According to the new system, all the companies that have a turnover more than 20 lakh (10 lakh in some states) have come under the GST scanner. Previously the tax exemption for the SMEs was 5 lakh while the new tax exemption is increased to 20 lakh. This has created a positive impact and generated lot of revenue for the government.
Ease of doing business has been increased as double taxation policies have
been removed. Tax burden on new business has been reduced and faster
delivery of the services has been the positive effects in the implementation of
GST.

How GST impacted real estate industry?
Real Sector is one of the most important sectors in India. GST has brought lot
of transparency and relief in real estate sector of India.
Under GST 12% tax has been levied which was 6.5% before GST tax. Due to
GST, the developer either has to bear high tax burden or will have to increase
the net price of the infrastructure to meet the new tax requirements. As the
ready-to-move-in projects are kept out of GST, developers can get some
benefit for the construction that are in initial stages. Cost of cement and other
building material has increased with the new tax system. So the impact has
been neutral in real estate industry because although some building material
prices have been increased but it has cut down additional costs and provided a
transparent medium.

Impact on automobile sector

Automobile sector is one of the most important sectors. This sector produces a very large number of cars and bikes annually. The central and state
government imposed several taxes like excise tax, road tax, VAT etc. under the
GST tax. GST has hugely impacted the automobile industry. The government
increased the tax from 15% to 25% on mid-sized vehicles. There is some good
news for the importers as they would be able to claim excise duty and VAT.
GST on the cars and bikes was set under the 28% mark. The overall result is
that the implementation of GST has reduced the cost of buying bikes and cars.
GST has resulted in a good growth in this sector.

How GST has impacted FMCG companies?
The GST has impacted FMCG companies very strongly. GST has made possible more purchase of FMCG products in the festive season. The FMCG companies like Pepsico, Dabur has generated lots of profit in the festive season. Companies have been dependent on the advertisement to boost their revenue during the non-festive season.

 

So in case you are looking for GST registration for selling of goods or services ,  consult BIATConsultant experts to guide you throughout the process and will get your GST number registered